'|ɦi' Sj{ɮ{ɮS i nE

  

ɮiҪ Sj{] =tM +{ɱ iEɽiɴEb ]Sɱ Ei +ix V Eɽ ɽiS M]-P]xS +fɴ Piɱ Vi, iɨv '|ɦi'S =J +ɶ i. '|ɦi' hV Eɳ ]b+ +h Sj{]x̨iS Ep i BfS xɽ iɮ i BE Sj{ɮ{ɮ i, M] ʺE +h +ɺE BEJx x Eii. 

. iɮɨ, ʴɹh{i nɨɱ, B. kɱ, Eɴɮɴ vɪɤɮ +h iɮɨ EEh iɰh, ɽiEI {Sɮixx 1 Vx 1929 V E䱽{ڮ l '|ɦi ʡ E{x'S l{x E. iSɴɹ E{xx +{ɱ {ʽ E{] xɨh E - 'M{ɱEh'. xiɮ 1930 BES ɹi E{xx 'Jx JVҮ', 'hҺɽ = Vɮ]]' +h '=nEɱ' + ix E{]S x̨i E. Sɮ E{]S nMnE i . iɮɨ. ʴɶ hV, 'Jx JVҮ' v +xi +{] ɱEɴiɱ ʴɶ |vx nhi +ɱ i iɮ, '=nEɱ'v iɮɨx ʶɴVS ʨE E i. 

SjɺƺlS l{xxiɮ +{ɴviS nVnɮ +h E|ɪ Sj{]S x̨i Eh- '|ɦi'xS {ʽ ɮ` {]Sҽ x̨i Eɴ +Mn ɽVES i. 1932 v '+vS V'S x̨i Zɱ +h nMnE i . iɮɨ. nnɺɽ ɳE S 'V ʮSp' {ʽ ɮiҪ Sj{]SS ElxEɴɮ iɮɨɤ{x '+vS V' Eɴ BE MɪM `. 'ɪ] b' nMǤ< J] +h MɪE-+ʦxi M˴nɴ ] S J ʨEx {] Vɱ i. xiɮ nxS ɹi 'w' {ʽ Mi Sj{]S x̨i Ex ƺlx ɮiҪ Sj=tMɱ SEi E. 

E䱽{ڮiұ +{֮ V{֮`, UɪSjhɺ` +ɴɶE + iiS +ɴ +h n- Vڱ fi ɴɺɪɺ` {hS Ƥ<Ƕ +ɱ VɴɳE M]S ʴSɮ Ex 1933 S +JҺ '|ɦi ʡ E{x'x {hɱ lɱiɮ E. {hiұ Bbx {ʮɮi x֨x ]EbS {ɪlɶ ɴ >b|֡ ]b+, Sjhɺ` i, iɳ, ʴɽҮ, xnS P], VMɱ +n l Ex Piɱ M䱪. ʶɴɪ ʶɱ{E Ji +h |hɺOɽɱɪ ɮii H '|ɦi' ]b+iS ={ɱɤv i. {hi lɱiɮ Zɱxiɮ ƺlx x̨i E {ʽ Sj{] hV '+i lx'. {ɶ֤ɳS ʴɮvi {֮Mɨ ʴSɮ +h lCE Ex bhɮ ]E x ɨֳ '+i lx' +iɶɪ E|ɪ Zɱ. iS xɺ +iɮɹ]Ҫ Sj{]ɽiɴi |nx Ehi +ɱ. {ɮn Sj{]ɽiɴi xxS lx ʨɳɱ {ʽ '|ɦi'{]. ixiɮ '+ɮVi', 'i iEɮɨ' , 'nxɪ x x', + '|ɦi'S Sj{] xɺ ɽiɴi MVɱ. iɺS {fұ Eɳi 'i Yxɮ', 'ɨɶɺj' + Sj{]xɽ VMɦɮS <iɮ Sj{]ɽiɴix xɨɮiɤ ʨɳɱ. Jɮ iɮ, +Vɽ VMiұ Ehiɽ +iɮɹ]Ҫ Sj{]ɽiɴi, ɮiҪ Sj{]S {xɴɮɴɱEx EɪG '|ɦi'S Sjʶɴɪ {h > Ei xɽ ɺiκli +ɽ. S nEi '|ɦi'S ɴiE] Sj xɨh Zɱ. 

i{E, 'hں'vұ 䶪, xS iM iɮ ɨV{f iMS BE iԨi =nɽhS `x M. {ʱɺ ɱnɮɶ Mx Zɱɨֳ iS r +<S ʴɷ {ɮ =vɺi <DZ + ɺi ʦi ]x x n xPx Vi +h xiɮS Pbɨbi Eɳ | hV VҴx xɴ, + iɽ xɪE, Mh{i Eɮi. iұ 䶪ɴɺiS ]S ʺE|ɨhS VhEɮEbxɽ {ֹE EiE Zɱ. 'Z ֱM'vұ {i-{jiұ Eɽ xɴ {fұ xɴ n nhɮ `. ʶɴɪ nEi '|ɦi'x 'vɨi', 'EE', 'M{ɱEh' iɺS +hJ Eɽ ɽiS Sj{]S x̨i E. iɨv Eɳ ɮ` +ɱ 'i iEɮɨ' +h Eɳ ˽n ɹi x̨i Ehi +ɱ 'ɽ' Sɽ ɨɴ i. ɱMvɴS { {btɴɮұ ʨE ('vɨi'), iɴɮhiұ +ɴVS {ɷǺMiɺɮJ ={ɪM ('EE') '|ɦi'SjS ʶɹ] i. 

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