1940 - 1970

1940S nE '|ɦi'S <iɽɺi +xE +lx ɽiS `. 1941v 'i Yxɮ'S +ʮEi ɴɺʪE |nx Zɱ +h '|ɦi'S ɴɺʪE ɶS iiɮ iɺɨp{ɱEb xxn. +li {ɮni +{ɱ Sj{] |n̶i EhS ƺlS {ʽS xɴi. 'Spx' E{] +h '+vS V' Mxɨv nJʴɱ M i. iʶɴɪ 'Vɱi xɶx' +h 'ɪ SUp' S +ʣEi |nx Zɱ i. S nEi x̨i Ehi +ɱ 'Vɮ' MVɱ i iiұ ˽n-ֺҨ BCS +Vb ElxEɨֳ. Sj{]iұ vɮhɡ]S ox '|ɦi'S ]ExS EiӴɮ E Sfʴɱ. xiɮ +ɱ䱪 'i J' v ɤ< iɴH nɱ. +h iS xɴ EɮEnԱ |ɮ Zɱ. '|ɦi'S Sji CSi +fhɮ |S jEh 'n Vi'v |Ex nɱ. iұ E |VCx ijS ɮ{ڮ EiE Zɱ. +li + ijS ={ɪM '|ɦi'xS ni ɴ|lɨ '+ɮVi'` E i. 'ɨɶɺj' |ɦix x̨i E +JS +ʦVi Sj{]. iɱ Mɱ ʡ Vxʱɺ] +ʺBxS {ʮiʹE ʨɳɱ. xiɮ ɴ ]Eʮi MVɱ iɺS MְnkS ʨE +ɱ 'Jɮx' iɺS n +xn |lɨS { {btɴɮ +hh- ' BE ' S x̨i l Zɱ. iɮɨɤ{S ƺlix xɴk, ʴɹh{i nɨɱ S xvx + nn P]xɽ '|ɦi'v S nEi Pb. 

1950S nEi '|ɦi ʡ E{x'x Sj{] x̨i lƤɴɱ iɮ ɺiڨv ]b+ +h {ɪǪx Sj{] x̨i SɱS ʽ. E{x ʱCbxS Eɳi ]b+v 'ɤɺ b {', 'PɮS Zɱ lb', 'Zɱ M ʴɺɰx V' + Sj{]S x̨i Zɱ iɮ, EEx |ɦi ]b+ PiɱxiɮS Eɱɴvi l 'Mi BE', 'ESE v', 'Mɱ j +' M ɽiS Sj{]S x̨i Ehi +ɱ. 

1960 S ְiұ Ep ɮEɮS ʽi +h |ɺɮh jɱɪx '|ɦi' ]b+, jɺɨO +h VM ʴEi Piɱ +h il 'ʡ <x]]] + <b'S l{x E. +i ƺl ʡ +hb ]ʴVx <x]]] + <b xɴx E|ɪ +x il ʴtlS iɺS ɴɺʪE xɨiS Sj{]S x̨i E Vi. 

1970S nEi '|ɦi'S ɮnɮ +xi ʴɹh = nn nɨɱ x pɺɱ M '|ɦi'S Sj` {ɮi +hɱ. ixiɮ Ƥ<S {Z +h {hS |ɦi Sj{]M޽i '|ɦi'S Sj{]S |nx Zɱ +h iɱ ʺEx |Sb |iɺn n. +Vɽ Vx {fiұ E +{ɱ xiɴx |ɦiS Sj{] {ɽhS +Oɽ Eii ii Eɳ MiEɳiұ ɴS iS +ƶ xɺx Eɽ =iE] Sj{]S +ɺn PhS SxS +i. S nEi Ƥ<ǽx nnxS ɴɺʪE |ɺɮh ְ Zɱ. EpS EɪGS M hx 'i Yxɮ' nnx Epɴɰx |I{i Zɱ {ʽ ɮ` Sj{] `.

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